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The abduction of fire

Year :  2000
Duration :  1 episode 01 hour 20 min. 39 sec.2 episode 01 hour 17 min. 03 sec.
Total number of releases :  1
Screenwriter :  Sergey Kostin
Director :  Vera Storozheva
Author of the project idea and presenter :  Eugeny Kiselev
For decades, the creation of the nuclear bomb in our country has been believed to be the result of titanic efforts undertaken by the Soviet scientists and entire people. In the West, quite the opposite, they have always said that the secrets of the most devastating weapon of the 20th century had been stolen by the Soviet spies. It was in the late 80-s only, that in the Soviet Union they started to talk about the contribution by the foreign scientists and the role of the Soviet intelligence in the liquidation of the US nuclear monopoly. But those who used to attribute somebody elses credits to themselves, were yet too influential for the truth to prevail. Nowadays, half a century after the testing of the first Soviet nuclear bomb, one may try to have everything graded properly.
For one and a half years the NTV crew collected materials on Klaus Fuchs, the main supplier of nuclear secrets to the Soviet scientists. A German Communist and a British citizen, one of the leading theorists of the nuclear physics, he has always rightfully been named among the creators of the American and English nuclear bomb. But Fuchs can also claim being the father of the Soviet nuclear weapons. Such a claim is evidenced not only by the statements of some Soviet scientists and secret documents of the foreign intelligence which are now open. In the documentary, Vladimir Barkovsky and Leonid Kvasnikov, officers of the scientific and technical intelligence, the legendary Ursula Kuchinsky (Ruth Verner) who was the courier for Fuchs in Englad in the early years of the war, and Alexander Feklisov, intelligence colonel visiting the places of his secret meetings in London, recollect their work with Fuchs and the nature of the materials he supplied.
Presenter Eugeny Kiselev narrates about the key events in the life of Klaus Fuchs and about the creation of the nuclear weapons, in Blenheim, the ethel of Churchill, where Fuchs used to pass the materials to Ursula Kuchinsky; in New York, the center of the nuclear secrets collection during the war; in the Los-Alamos laboratories which up to now have been the major nuclear research place in the US; in Santa-Fe where Fuchs delivered the main materials on the US nuclear bomb; in the White Sands, the first nuclear weapons proof ground which even nowadays is a secret military installation; in a London courtroom where Fuchs was sentenced to 14 years in jail after having been exposed; in the prison from which Fuchs was released almost ten years later; and in the German nuclear center Rossendorf where Fuchs was the main theorist almost until his death in 1988.
In the intelligence community, Klaus Fuchs is unique, because he always acted in line with his personal beliefs only, did not seek any remuneration and did not take risks into account. He was the real Puritan of spying, may be, to a greater degree than other foreign idealist agents who collaborated with the Soviet intelligence. He had been brought up in a strict morale in a family of an eminent Lutheran priest. Even collaborating with a foreign intelligence service, he remained true to himself. The sister of Klaus Fuchs Chrystel who lives in the US, his nephew Klaus Fuchs-Kittovsky, his secretary Hirte Zanden, Marcus Wolf, the head of the foreign intelligence of East Germany, writer Daniil Granin and Academician Eugeny Velikhov all tell about the character of Klaus Fuchs. They also tell that the USSR completely ignored Fuchs after he was released and never thanked the man who risked his life for that country.
Still, and the intelligence officers do recognize that, one can not say that the Soviet nuclear bomb was created exclusively due to the activities of Klaus Fuchs. Thanks to the testimonies by physicists Nikolay Dollezhalya, Eugeny Velikhov, Igor Golovin and Sergey Gueguechkory, the son of L.Beria, shown in the documentary, some out-of-the-way episodes of the Soviet nuclear program which was supervised by Lavrenty Beria, are displayed.
The shooting took place in Russia, Germany, England and the US, it was first broadcast on the 80th anniversary of the Soviet foreign intelligence (December 20, 1920).